BỘ BÀI MẪU 3 BÀI CHO TẤT CẢ CÁC ĐỀ THI IELTS THÁNG 3/2017 TẠI VIỆT NAM
Thực hiện bởi: Thầy Tú Phạm, Chủ nhiệm www.ippielts.com
Cuối mỗi bài, thầy Tú Phạm đều tổng kết một số từ vựng hay, dễ áp dụng để nâng điểm bài luận.
Danh sách các đề thi: 04/03/2017 (chủ đề: hỗ trợ cho các nước đang phát triển) Some people think that developing countries need financial help from international organizations. Others think that it is practical aid and advice that is needed. Discuss these views and give your own opinion.
18/03/2017 (chủ đề: thể thao mạo hiểm) Some people think that governments should ban dangerous sports, while others think people should have freedom to do any sports or activity. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
25/03/2017 (chủ đề: giá năng lượng và các vấn đề môi trường) The best way to solve world’s environmental problems is increase the cost of fuel. Do you agree or disagree and give your own opinion?
Some people think that developing countries need financial help from international organizations. Others think that it is practical aid and advice that is needed. Discuss these views and give your own opinion. The support of the international community is of paramount importance to the development of less-developed parts of the world. Some people believe that funded support is indispensable. However, I contend that international funds are not necessary for development while technical assistance is evidently a more effective way of helping developing countries.
Advocates of granting developing countries financial help may argue that this form of support is essential for the construction of infrastructure, a task that often requires a substantial amount of investment. From my perspective, this argument is flawed. Developing countries, as a norm, have to sacrifice many of their national interests to be eligible for international funding. A clear illustration of this is that the Vietnamese government had to remove a quota on Japanese cars in exchange for the Japanese government’s approval of funding for two major agricultural projects in the Red River Delta. As there are many other methods of calling for investment that do not often require countries to forego their interests, such as using the build-operate-transfer model of project financing, I argue that international financial support is unnecessary.
I am firmly convinced that non-financial assistance from the international community has a pivotal role to play in the developing world. This is because sustainable development necessitates the building of a strong workforce and the acquisition of technology, neither of which can be provided solely by financial help. In reality, many forms of technical assistance have been offered to developing countries, including knowledge sharing and the transfer of technological innovations. There are many success stories of less-developed nations receiving this type of support, as can be seen in the classic case of basmati rice production in Indonesia. In the late 1990s, a group of Indian plant geneticists and agricultural specialists was deployed in Indonesia to share their expertise with and to transfer the mass-production technology of this variety of rice to their Indonesian counterparts. The enormous and long-lasting success of the basmati rice industry in Indonesia in the following two decades has proven that international technical support is essential for lower-income countries to develop sustainably.
From the issues outlined above, one may conclude it is practical assistance, not financial support, that is crucial for developing nations to thrive in the long term. I predict that practical aid and advice will be at the core of international support in the future.
395 words, written by Tu Pham
Advocate (n): người ủng hộ
Sacrifice something for something else (collocation): hy sinh 1 thứ vì 1 thứ khác
Forego (v): từ bỏ
Mass-production (n): sản xuất hang loạt
Some people think that governments should ban dangerous sports, while others think people should have freedom to do any sports or activity. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The media commonly provide a barrage of news about dangerous sports, because the deaths and injuries associated with them often make for spectacular headlines. As a result, some people have claimed that all extreme sports should be banned, although I would argue that such a policy would be out of all proportion to the real risks involved.
Those in favour of prohibiting people from taking part in dangerous sports tend to focus on the risk element. Even when individuals may be physically and mentally prepared to participate in extreme sports activities, and even when they have all the right equipment, the dangers are ever-present. For example, few sports are as challenging and fraught with danger as BASE jumping. Participants hurl themselves off cliffs or tall buildings, and few escape without suffering severe bruising or acute abdominal pains which normally last for several days. In addition, although sports equipment rarely malfunctions, this may still happen and the consequences may be fatal – such as a BASE jumper’s parachute failing to deploy. The supporters of legislation to ban dangerous sports argue that such tragic outcomes not only affect the individual victims, but also leave mental scars which their families then have to live with for the rest of their lives.
However, I support the view of those who contend that participation in extreme sports must be a matter of personal choice. Firstly, overcoming physical challenges may be a springboard for positive personal transformation. It may make a person stronger and more determined, and the experience may be a life-changing one. Secondly, the rigours of preparation in order to take part in mountain-climbing, white-water rafting or other such extremely strenuous activities demand that an individual is in peak health and physical condition. Finally, there is an ethical aspect which dictates that a person should have the freedom to pursue the challenges which they set themselves, even though this may involve a level of risk that others might find unacceptable.
In conclusion, while acknowledging the real risks, I would defend the right of any individual to take part in the extreme sport of their choice.
340 words, First draft by Tien Nguyen, Final draft by Tu Pham
To be out of all proportion to (collocation): quá mạnh một cách không cần thiết để xử lý một việc
Malfunction (v): gặp trục trặc khi hoạt động
Tragic outcome (collocation): hậu quả tồi tệ Mental scars (collocation): ảnh hưởng lâu dài về tâm lý
To be a springboard for something (collocation): đạo điều kiện cho cái gì đó diễn ra
Strenuous (a): tốn rất nhiều công sức và sự cố gắng
The best way to solve world’s environmental problems is increase the cost of fuel. Do you agree or disagree and give your own opinion
Addressing environmental problems has long been of paramount importance to the sustainable development of society. While acquiescing to the view that raising the price of fuel may help combat the problem of global warming, I contend that this policy is far from being the best remedy to ameliorate the deterioration of the environment in general.
I concede that making fuel more expensive is one way to slow down the increase in the overall temperature of the atmosphere. This policy may discourage both individuals and businesses from overconsuming fuel, thus diminishing the amount of traffic and industrial emissions, which constitute a considerable source of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and CFCs. It is widely believed that these gases trap heat in the atmosphere and cause global warming to occur. As a result, I agree that increasing fuel price a sensible measure to adopt.
I would, on the other hand, argue that the aforementioned measure must not be considered a holistic approach to environmental problems. This is because it has little effect on various environmental degradation issues other than global warming, namely deforestation, overhunting and overfishing. From my perspective, environmental problems can be better resolved through two actions. The first is mass-producing domestic and industrial equipment using environmentally-friendly technology, including solar cells and electric motor engines, which produce no carbon emissions. The second is imposing stringent laws on the conservation and recovery of natural resources, which may help mitigate a wide range of environmental problems, such as the depletion of biological resources.
In conclusion, while acknowledging the environmental benefits of increasing the cost of fuel, I would claim that this is not the best way to ease the problem of environmental deterioration. There are more effective solutions to address environmental problems at large, such as applying green technology to the mass production of various kinds of equipment for both household and industrial use.
312 words, written by Tu Pham
Discourage somebody from doing something (collocation): ngăn cản, làm nản lòng ai làm việc gì đó
Domestic and industrial equipment (collocation): trang thiết bị gia đình và công nghiệp
Impose a law on something (collocation): đưa ra luật mới về vấn đề gì đó Conservation and recovery (collocation): việc bảo tồn và phục hồi
The depletion of resources (collocation): sự cạn kiệt tài nguyên