BỘ BÀI MẪU 4 BÀI CHO TẤT CẢ CÁC ĐỀ THI IELTS THÁNG 2/2017 TẠI VIỆT NAM
Thực hiện bởi: Thầy Tú Phạm, Chủ nhiệm www.ippielts.com
Cuối mỗi bài, thầy Tú Phạm đều tổng kết một số từ vựng hay, dễ áp dụng để nâng điểm bài luận.
Danh sách các đề thi: 11/02/2017 (chủ điểm: nơi ở, giáo dục) It is better for college students to live in schools than live at home with their parents. Do you agree or disagree?
16/02/2017 (chủ điểm: công nghệ giao tiếp) Many people think modern communication technology is having some negative effects on social relationships. Do you agree or disagree?
18/02/2017 (chủ điểm: chi tiêu công, giáo dục) Do you agree or disagree with the statement that government should invest more money in science education rather than other subjects to develop the country?
25/02/2017 (chủ điểm: giao thông, ô nhiễm môi trường) Some people think international car-free days are an effective way of reducing air pollution, others think there are some other ways. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
It is better for college students to live in schools than live at home with their parents. Do you agree or disagree?
Many students are faced with the dilemma of whether to live in a university dormitory or at home with their parents. From my perspective, a dormitory is evidently the better option for most students.
Firstly, there is a common belief that living with their parents is better for students’ personal development. Many people argue that students living at home may fully concentrate on their academic studies because their parents are likely to support them in various ways, such as by doing household tasks. However, I believe some students may become over-reliant on their parents as a result, and thus do not develop the ability to live independently in the future. By contrast, students who live in dormitories must assume responsibility in all aspects of life. Therefore, they may acquire the skills necessary for self-reliance, ranging from financial management and problem-solving to meal planning and home management, all of which are essential to foster the all-round personal development of this group of students.
In addition, there are several distinct advantages of choosing on-campus residences. The most evident advantage is that students who choose this type of accommodation would have easy access to libraries and various learning sources that are readily available at university. Another clear benefit is that those living in student accommodation are exposed to a diverse environment with people from various social and cultural backgrounds. As a result, students are better prepared to live in today’s multi-cultural world.
From the issues outlined above, one can conclude that living on a university campus is a better choice for students than living at home with their parents. I predict that the number of students choosing to live in university accommodation will remain high in the future.
285 words, written by Tu Pham
Personal development (Collocation): phát triển cá nhân
To be over-reliant on something: quá phụ thuộc vào cái gì đó
Self-reliant (Adjective): tự lực, tự chủ
Foster the development of something (Collocation): thúc đẩy sự phát triển của ai/cái gì đó
Have access to (Collocation): có quyền tiếp cận/ truy cập tới
Readily available (Collocation): sẵn có
To be exposed to something (Collocation): được tiếp xúc với điều gì đó
Many people think modern communication technology is having some negative effects on social relationships. Do you agree or disagree?
The impacts of digital communication on human relationships have long been a topic of controversy. From my perspective, modern means of communication may sabotage one’s relationships with other people.
The most typical example of today’s communication technology is the mobile phone. Originally designed to provide people with instant access to telecommunication, it has become indispensable for most people in modern society. Nowadays, various features such as built-in cameras and interactive games have been added to the mobile phone, making it multifunctional and thus even more popular. However, I believe the omnipresence of mobile phones in particular, or digital communication tools in general, often interferes with the bonding time that people share and thus has a negative influence on interpersonal relationships. There is compelling evidence for my belief.
If people use mobile phones for work purposes, business calls may disrupt any real-life conversations they have. This is the case for millions of working people who may have overlooked the importance of having smooth and uninterrupted conversations with other people. It is possible that they are unaware that relationships are at risk of eroding when people spend less quality time with each other.
In addition, if people use mobile phones to play games, the constant urge to complete game missions may disengage them from social gatherings. For example, many teenagers sacrifice real-life socialising time for mobile game playing time. In the long term, this would be likely to cause friends to drift apart.
Some people use mobile phones mainly for virtual social networks, and notifications and messages from these sites may prevent them from having intimate conversations with their loved ones. There are many real examples of couples on the verge of breaking up because one or both partners have grown overly attached to social network applications on mobile phones, and they find it hard to maintain a sense of intimacy.
I believe that any of these issues could have a significant impact on a person’s social relationships. However, most people use mobile phones for all of the aforementioned purposes, and consequently they need to pay constant attention to their phone, potentially isolating those in their company. In this way, mobile phones may dull real-life interactions and affect relationships as a result.
In brief, the constant distraction that modern communication devices such as mobile phones provide may cause the breakdown of numerous social relationships.
392 words, written by Tu Pham
Sabotage (v): phá hủy
Indispensable (a): vô cùng quan trọng, không thể thiếu
Omnipresence (n): sự tồn tại ở mọi lúc, mọi nơi
To interfere with (collocation): can thiệp, quấy rối, làm gián đoạn
Undisrupted (a): khoong bị gián đoạn, can thiệp
To sacrifice something for something (collocation): hy sinh một thứ vì một thứ khác
Do you agree or disagree with the statement that government should invest more money in science education rather than other subjects to develop the country?
Establishing an appropriate national education framework is of paramount importance to the development of any country. It is often believed that science subjects should attract more investment than other disciplines. However, I strongly disagree with this belief, because there are many subjects that are equally as important as science, or even more so.
I contend that language education plays no lesser role in developing a nation than science does. While science education is beneficial only for those with an interest in science, language education may help a nation to develop a strong labour force in almost every field. This is because language education offers students access to a wealth of knowledge written in other languages, and they may become future experts in a variety of areas.
History is also more significant than science studies, in my opinion, because it may instil a sense of patriotism in students, and as a result they may be more willing to contribute to the country in the future. In sharp contrast to this, many developing nations have witnessed a vast number of scientists who choose to migrate to more developed nations for better living and working conditions. If history had been prioritised as a school subject, this brain-drain phenomenon may not have occurred because these scientists would have felt more compelled to remain in their homeland and contribute to society.
Finally, I would argue that the significance of management and economics far outweighs that of science studies. In today’s world, it is common practice that one country purchases technology and inventions from another. Therefore, the advantages that a country can gain through scientific research are not as significant as were before globalisation. By contrast, nowadays, there is an urgent need for management experts and economists, who are the driving force behind economic and societal development. It is these people, not scientists, who should be prioritised in relation to investments in education.
From the issues outlined above, one may conclude that governments should not increase their spending on science education.
335 words, written by Tu Pham
curriculum (n) (plural: curricula): chương trình giảng dạy
to be of paramount importance (collocation): rất quan trọng
attract more investment (collocation): thu hút vốn đầu tư
a strong labour force (collocation): lực lượng lao động mạnh
a wealth of knowledge (collocation): một trữ lượng kiến thức khổng lồ
a sense of patriotism (collocation): long yêu nước
brain-drain (n): chảy máu chất xám
derive from (collocation): bắt nguồn từ đâu
Some people think international car-free days are an effective way of reducing air pollution, others think there are some other ways. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The ubiquity of cars is often considered as a major culprit of air quality degradation in many countries. To combat atmospheric pollution, many suggest that car-free days should be held internationally. However, I contend that these events may achieve extremely little success, and there are more effective methods to preserve the atmosphere.
Advocates of organising global car-free days may argue that the absence of cars promotes the use of public transport and the activities of cycling and walking, which all contribute considerably to the reduction of traffic emissions. This argument, from my perspective, is flawed, because of two facts. The first is that a few days without cars out of 365 days of the year may help cut down as little as one percent of the annual amount of traffic fumes, so the statement that this short-term reduction is significant is a mere exaggeration. The second is that this solution does not limit the massive amount of air contaminants being released from industrial zones. It is therefore a one-sided approach and evidently not an effective way to address the problem of air pollution.
There are, in my opinion, better measures to minimise air pollution. One of them is constructing dedicated lanes for public means of transport. These lanes guarantee that public transport is relatively faster than individual vehicles in rush hours, which may encourage a majority of commuters to eschew their personal vehicles in favor of mass transit. The implication is that motor vehicle use may be reduced throughout the year, which exerts a longer-lasting impact on minimising traffic fumes than international car free days may do. Another measure is levying a tax on carbon usage in all areas, including transport and industrial production. This measure has been adopted in several countries including the United Kingdom, and has proven its effectiveness as a holistic approach to curtail emissions in all fields.
All the existing data has laid a concrete foundation that the organisation of world car free days may produce little effect on protecting the atmosphere. Other solutions, namely building designated lanes for public vehicles and taxing all industries on carbon usage, produce more sustainable effects on a larger scale.
360 words, written by Tu Pham
Ubiquity (n): sự có mặt ở tất cả mọi nơi
Culprit (n): thủ phạm. Theo nghĩa trong bài này là nguyên nhân.
Traffic emissions, traffic fumes (n): khí thải giao thông
Dedicated, designated (a): dành riêng
Mass transit (n): hệ thống giao thông công cộng
Curtail (v): đặt giới hạn cho cái gì đó